Korean Grammar Lesson

Discussion in 'The Lounge' started by Asia, Sep 19, 2016.

  1. Asia

    Asia Administrator

    Korean Lesson


    "습니다/ㅂ니다" is use after a verb/adjective, to end the sentence with a much formal expression. Likewise, to end a question formally, "습니까?/ㅂ니까?" is used.

    To choose "습니다/습니까" or "ㅂ니다/ㅂ니까" will depends on whether the last word has a final consonant or not.

    "웃다 " has a final consonant, so we'll use "습니다/습니까".
    웃다 + 습니다/습니까 = 웃습니다 / 웃습니까?

    "자다" does not have final consonant, hence, "ㅂ니다/ㅂ니까" is used.
    자다 + ㅂ니다/ㅂ니까 = 잡니다 / 집니까?

    아이가 웃습니다 / 아이가 웃습니까? The kid laughed / Did the kid laugh?
    동생이 잡니다 / 동생이 집니까? Brother has fell asleep / Has brother fell asleep?
    손이 큽니다 / 손이 큽니까? The hand is big / Is the hand big?

    When this consonant "ㄹ" meets "-습니다/ㅂ니다/습니까?/ㅂ니까?", our little friend "ㄹ" will disappear.

    살다 >> 삽니다
    알다 >> 압니다
    팔다 >> 팝니다
    멀다 >> 멉니다
    길다 >> 깁니다

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